4 smart strategies for estate planning
We all live in hope that when we pass, we’re not forgotten. We’d also like to believe that the money we’ve worked so hard for will help to give our kids and grandkids a better life.
But for those who don’t have a plan in place, and would rather leave this to chance, there is a risk that your wishes may not come true.
These four estate planning strategies will help you ensure your beneficiaries are looked after long after you’ve gone.
1. Make a will as part of your estate plan
If you pass away without a will, your wealth will be distributed in line with the state government formula that applies in your state/territory, known as intestacy. This means your assets may be distributed against your wishes and could incur higher tax liabilities.
Having a will is therefore important in estate planning as it defines who you nominate to receive your wealth. It can also include who you choose to look after your children if they’re under the age of 18, and instructions about your funeral.
Estate laws are complex so taking a do-it-yourself approach to your will may cause you more stress than you need. Consider having it professionally drafted by a solicitor, a private trustee or the Public Trustee for your state or territory.
Keep it updated
Key events that happen to you may trigger a review of your will. For instance, if you dispose of or buy new assets, you may want to consider whether it’s worth amending your will to reflect this.
2. Nominate an executor for your estate plan
An important part of estate planning is the nomination of an executor. This person is responsible for distributing your wealth among your beneficiaries and paying off any debts when you pass.
You may choose to name a family member as your executor, although appointing a third party such as your solicitor, accountant or a public trustee may ease the burden on your family members. However, there is a cost associated with this.
3. Get the right level of insurance
In many cases life insurance forms an important part of estate planning as it provides a financial safety net which your family can use to, pay for funeral expenses, enable the payout of large debt such as a mortgage or buy out a business partnership for instance.
Many super funds offer life insurance which can be adjusted according to your needs. If you hold life insurance outside of your super, a lump sum will be paid to any nominated beneficiaries upon your passing.
4. Consider trusts for effective tax management
Finding ways to manage your tax helps to ensure your wealth is protected, as well as being, a key part of estate planning.
Create a trust
Trusts can help manage your tax especially when it comes to capital gains and income tax.
A good example of this is a testamentary trust, which in essence, passes on control of your assets rather than the assets themselves.1
Instead of passing assets directly to a beneficiary, they are passed into a trust which a chosen beneficiary/s is in control of. This does not take place until your death.
Your spouse, for instance, could be the principal beneficiary initially, with your children and grandchildren as future beneficiaries when they reach 18 years of age.
But like everything, there are some disadvantages with testamentary trusts to keep in mind. For instance, there are specific requirements you need to meet and if you decide to appoint a professional as a trustee, you’ll have to cover fees for this service.
Australian Taxation Office: https://www.ato.gov.au/Business/Privately-owned-and-wealthy-groups/Tax-governance/Estate-planning/